This small island, formerly called Tseilon, has many magnificent names, an island’s natural riches and beauty, a magnet for visitors. Sri Lanka has beautiful beaches, mountain paths, ancient cities, and birds living with elephants and leopards. All the more so friendly people, great food and low prices. This appealing compot brings migrants over and over again, putting them to forget about their daily worries and routines.
It’s no wonder Marco Polo named Sri Lanka the best island in the world in the 13th century! Attractions include Sri Lanka’s most popular beaches, pristine nature, historic sights, picturesque views, festivals, therapeutic options and just an opportunity to entertain.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site includes 6 cultural sites and 2 natural sites in Sri Lanka. Cultural objects are the old town of Polonnaruwa in the eastern part of the country (since 1982), the old town of Sigiriya in the center of the city (1982), the holy city of Anuradhapura in the north of the country (1982), the holy city of Kandy, with its more than 400-year Buddhist temple (1988) , the Old Town of Galle, on the southwest coast of the country and its protective structures (1988), and the Dambulla Cave Temple in the central part of the earth (Dambulla Golden Temple, 1991). The natural heritage sites of the World Heritage Site are the Sinharaja Forest Protection Area (1988), which is almost 89 km2 in the center of the earth, and the central Sri Lanka mountains (UNESCO’s 2010 list of mainly rainforest areas with cliffs up to 2,500 m above sea level, among which are the extremely rare sarrhory )
Location And Climate
Sri Lanka is located on the island between South Asia, between 6th and 10th NW. Sri Lanka is the most densely populated country in the west and southwest. There are also bigger and more important cities in the country.
There is tropical climate, dry and rainy season. From May to August, the Yala Monsoon will rain in the southwestern part of the country; the dry period in the southwest is from December to March. The Maha Monsoon, which runs from January to October, rains in the northern and eastern parts of the country, a dry period in the north and east from May to September.
Sri Lanka is a tropical and relatively hot climate. The temperatures are quite uniform and high throughout the year. The cooling of the oceans fades from the winds. The average annual temperature in the country as a whole is close to 28 ° C. At the same time, night temperatures are only below 7 ° C in the daytime. In most areas, the hottest month in May and the coolest month in January. At some places in the mountains, night temperatures can drop to -5 ° C. The rainfall is very high in Sri Lanka, in some parts of the mountainous areas, even more than 8000 mm per year. At the same time, there are regions where the annual rainfall is less than 1800 mm.
On the west coast of the country in the largest city of Colombo, the daily average temperatures are 29 ° C to 31 ° C a year. The nocturnal average temperatures are from May to August at 25 ° C-26 ° C and from September to April at 22 ° C-24 ° C. The coolest temperature measured in the Colombo region is 15 ° C. The rainfall is more than 2300 mm per year. The lowest rainfall is in February (70 mm), January (90 mm) and August (110 mm). Most precipitation is in May (370 mm), October (350 mm) and November (310 mm). For the remaining months it will be 140 – 230 mm. There are more than 150 batches per year. In May and October there are, on average, 19 days. The least (6) are believers in February. The average relative humidity is 68-79% throughout the year. Despite the abundance of rainfall, there are almost 2,500 sunshine a year.
In the east of the country, along the Gulf of Kottiyar, the average temperatures are from 31 ° C to 33 ° C from April to October and 27 ° C-29 ° C from November to March. The nocturnal average temperatures are 24 ° C-26 ° C throughout the year. The rainfall is more than 1600 mm a year. From February to July, rises to 30-70 mm per month. The most precipitous is November and December, when it reaches 360 mm per month. For the remaining months rainfall is 110 – 220 mm.
The best time to visit is from December to March on the south and west coast and in the mountains and from May to September to the old towns and the east coast. The tourist season is from December to March.
Population: 21 million.
Area code: +94
Time zone: GMT +6
Area: 65 610 km 2
Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, de-facto Colombo
Currency: Rupee (LKR)
State language: Sinhalese and Tamil
Neighbors: India , Maldives